Basement flooding requires immediate action to protect valuable belongings and reduce structural damage, along with taking measures to dry out the area and treat mold growth in order to save as many valuables as possible. In order to be effective, professionals may also be necessary.
An easy and efficient place to begin is by regularly cleaning out and clearing gutters and rain spouts of debris, and making sure they direct water at least five feet from your house. Furthermore, consider installing an interior drainage system to intercept ground seepage before it floods your basement.
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As soon as your basement floods, it’s essential to take immediate action. Retrieving any damp items immediately is necessary to prevent mold growth and other long-term damage; shutting off power if necessary (if the flooded area is inaccessible, contact an electrician or power company for service disconnect), while never entering the water which contains electrical wiring as this could lead to electrocution.
Install a sump pump and backup pump in the lowest part of your home to reduce future flooding risks, which will redirect water away from it and redirect it through perforated pipes buried in gravel, which will direct it away from foundation walls while simultaneously lowering hydrostatic pressure on home walls.
This can help protect the basement from potential damage from blocked drainage or storm sewers, available at home improvement stores or waterproofing specialists.
Crack-fillers available from home improvement stores only cover the surface of cracks, leaving room for movement if foundation changes occur. Low-pressure crack injection is one of the best solutions available for fixing basement leaks.
This method employs plastic injection ports to inject epoxy into cracks in concrete walls at four to six-inch intervals along walls, then applying two-part epoxy sealant inside of each port and cracks themselves.
Once the water has been cleared up, it’s essential to eliminate all moisture remaining to avoid mold growth. Pumping out wet materials or dehumidifying can help get rid of excess humidity in a basement space.
After this step has been taken, homeowners should contact their power company, electrician, and foundation contractor as soon as possible to assess the damage and begin repairs; additionally, it would be prudent to contact their insurance provider to see what coverage may exist for flooding issues.
Basements are the lowest point of any house, so they are especially susceptible to gathering moisture. Even with efforts by builders to waterproof walls during construction, homes may still settle and shift over time, sinkholes may form, and moisture could pool around the foundation.
French drains offer an effective and straightforward solution that takes advantage of water’s natural tendency to flow downhill and take the path of least resistance. A French drain consists of a slightly sloped trench filled with gravel that leads directly away from your home’s foundation, diverting water towards an outlet pipe and out of sight.
Unfortunately, your French drain may not work effectively without the appropriate soil type (like sandy or loamy).